Roofing: What You Need to Know

Roofing cover the top of a building to protect it from rain, snow, sunlight, and extremes of temperature. It can be constructed in a variety of ways.Roofing

A roof is generally the most durable part of a structure and must be designed to last a long time. A person who specializes in roof construction is called a “roofer.”

The success of any roofing project depends on two things: workmanship and the right materials. Having the right materials on hand helps ensure the roof is built correctly and that it lasts for as long as possible. The selection of roofing materials has expanded significantly, with options expressly designed for aesthetics as well as critical functions.

For example, a wood shingle or shake roof provides a classic, rustic look to homes and can be quite durable with proper maintenance. However, they are also more susceptible to moisture and can be a fire hazard in some climates. Composite cedar shakes, on the other hand, offer the same aesthetic but have the benefit of being more resistant to moisture and fire.

Concrete tiles are another popular option for residential roofs. They are less expensive than clay tiles but can last just as long. They are heavier, though, and may require a more substantial support system to carry the added weight.

Metal roofing materials include bare and coated galvanized iron, corrugated metal, standing seam panels, stainless steel, and aluminum. These metals come in a range of thicknesses and coatings to suit different needs, from durability and longevity to cost and style. Typically, they are best used on low-slope or flat roofs.

A metal roof can be very energy efficient, especially if it is highly reflective. This helps to keep the inside of your home cooler and reduces energy costs. Some metal roofs can even qualify for tax credits for being green or eco-friendly.

Other roofing materials include asphalt shingles, tile, and stone slate. Each of these is available in a wide variety of colors, styles, and shapes to fit any aesthetic preference. Some of these roofs are also able to be used with solar panels for added savings.

Another popular roofing material is a membrane roof. These are typically constructed with a layer of waterproof material (such as a tar sheet) and a layer of insulation to provide an airtight seal. They are highly durable and can withstand punctures, chemical spills, oils, and other contaminants.


A roof is a significant and complex investment. Unless you’re confident that you can safely and competently do the work yourself, it’s best to hire a professional. Look for a roofing contractor with good local references, licensing and bonding, a solid Better Business Bureau rating, and active certificates of insurance (liability and workers’ compensation).

Also important is waterproofing the valleys, those areas where roof slopes meet at a “V” angle. Underlayment and felt paper are typically installed, and a vapor retarder may be added.

Flashing, a small piece of metal bent into place along the bottom of a roofing section butted up against a wall, can help prevent leaks. It protects against deterioration of the side wall and keeps water from running down the sidewall, which can cause staining, mildew, mold, and lichens. Depending on the roof type, it may be necessary to install a gutter system and downspouts.


A warranty offers a level of peace of mind, especially when dealing with a large project like a roof. It can help you avoid any financial loss due to manufacturing faults in the roofing materials or shoddy workmanship by a roofer. It’s important to understand the details of your roofing warranty so you know what is covered and how long the coverage lasts.

The type of roof warranty you receive will depend on the type of roofing material and the manufacturer. A typical manufacturer’s warranty will cover the cost of manufacturing defects in the shingles or metal. However, a workmanship warranty is more specific and will cover any faults caused by the roofer during installation. These warranties may be limited to a certain period of time, or they might cover all labor and material costs.

Some roof warranties are transferable, while others are not. This is a matter of preference and should be discussed with your roofing contractor. If you choose to transfer the warranty, be sure to ask your contractor about the necessary paperwork and steps for doing so. Many manufacturers require that you provide proof of ownership before allowing the warranty to be transferred, such as a copy of the deed and closing documents. There are also usually fees associated with transferring a warranty.

There are several types of roofing warranties available to you, including a lifetime roof warranty and a no-dollar-limit warranty. The length of a roofing warranty will vary depending on the brand and climate where you live. It is important to compare the different roofing warranties and find one that offers the best coverage for your needs.

The type of roofing warranty you choose will depend on the type of roofing material and your preferences. A lifetime roof warranty is an excellent option if you are planning to stay in your home for a long period of time. However, it is important to understand that a lifetime warranty does not mean your roof will never need to be replaced.

A lifetime roof warranty will only protect your roof if it is properly maintained. It is important to hire a professional roofing company to perform regular maintenance inspections and make repairs as needed. A professional will be able to spot potential issues and provide you with a detailed report that you can use to decide on the next step. Some roofing contractors will even include the cost of these inspections in your warranty, which can be a great value-add for you.


A roof is a large component of the structure of a building. It protects against rain, snow, sunlight, and extremes of temperature and can be constructed in a variety of forms, including flat, pitched, vaulted, or domed structures.

To extend the service life of a roofing system, proper maintenance procedures should be followed. These procedures will help identify problems in their early stages and allow them to be repaired before they become major issues. A good maintenance program should include inspections and a schedule for repair work. Ideally, this should be done on a biannual basis and recorded in writing. A procedure should also be in place to perform emergency repairs after severe weather events.

Roof surfaces should be kept clean and free of debris, which can block drains and lead to ponding water that may damage the roofing system. Also, flashing should be replaced, especially around chimneys and where the roof planes meet. This will prevent leaks.

Many roofing professionals utilize a checklist to document roof conditions during an inspection. This is useful in identifying roof problems and can be used as a specification for a bid solicitation for future maintenance. This checklist can be customized to meet the specific needs of each building.

When selecting a contractor to perform maintenance work on a building, it is important to choose one with experience and an excellent reputation. It is also advisable to check whether they can provide references from previous customers and have a good record of safety compliance. Additionally, a contractor should be willing to make any necessary structural improvements to comply with the requirements of OSHA and building codes.

Lastly, it is important to select a contractor that has the ability to run background checks on roster personnel. This will ensure that all maintenance crew members are competent, safe, and professional when working on your roof. This will also help reduce the risk of theft and other security risks. Using construction crew management software is an excellent way to monitor and track all aspects of the maintenance process. This makes it easier for contractors to plan and execute maintenance, repairs, and other tasks effectively.